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Indian laws dealing with data protection

Currently, there are a variety of laws in India which contain provisions dealing with the processing of data, which includes personal data as well as sensitive personal data. These laws include but are not limited to the following:

Financial Sector

  1. Banking Regulation Act, 1949
  2. Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act, 2005
  3. Credit Information Companies Regulation, 2006
  4. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and the regulations framed thereunder such as the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Information Utilities) Regulations, 2017
  5. Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007
  6. Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 as well as the circulars/directions/notifications issued by the RBI from time to time including but not limited to
  7. The Security and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 as well as the regulations made thereunder including but not limited to
  8. Securities Contract (Regulation) Rules, 1957
  9. Insurance Act, 1938 as well as regulations issued thereunder by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) including but not limited to

Health Sector

  1. The Indian Medical Council (Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Ethics) Regulations, 2002
  2. Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994
  3. The Mental Health Act, 1987

Information Technology and Telecommunications Sector

  1. The Indian Telegraph Act, 1885
  2. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997
  3. Information Technology Act, 2000, including, but not limited to the

Miscellaneous

  1. The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 including Regulations made under the Act including but not limited to Aadhaar (Data Security) Regulations, 2016, Aadhaar (Sharing of Information) Regulations, 2016.
  2. Census Act, 1948
  3. Collection of Statistics Act, 2008
  4. Consumer Protection Act, 1986
  5. Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995
  6. Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009
  7. Right to Information Act, 2005

Source : MeitY - White Paper on Data Protection framework for India



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